On the occasion of WORLD YOUTH DAY, 15 July 2015, Prime Minister, Narendra Modi launched the SKILL INDIA campaign. With a view to get about 40 crore Indians employed, the SKILL INDIA campaign has initiated four major schemes to fulfill this mission : National Skill Development Mission, National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship 2015, Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) scheme and the Skill Loan scheme. India is a country where a vast majority is under 35 years of age. It has the potential to become the human capital of the world and so the government is working towards tapping the potential of about 402 million Indians through the Skill India campaign. The Skill India scheme appears to be a promising campaign aimed at training the largest human capital in the world. It focuses on providing skills training to that portion of the workforce which does not have adequate or no educational qualifications at all so that they are able to get jobs. The Skill India scheme has also introduced skill cards and skills certificates through which the skilled job seekers can share their skill qualifications with employers in a quick and reliable way during the job search process. All in all, this scheme is being viewed as complementary to the Make in India campaign.
The idea is to stimulate economic growth of the country by imparting skills training to a huge section of the workforce, thereby fulfilling the dual purpose of reducing unemployment and filling the skills gap in the industry. But, a serious question here is that will the Skill India mission be able to meet the targets that the UPA government vowed to meet under the skill development mission that it launched in 2009? What new provisions is the Skill India bringing in, which will assure employment opportunities to the workforce of the country? The very idea of the Skill India scheme goes in vain if the employment opportunities are not corresponding to the demand for jobs. So, the demand-supply gap in terms of job opportunities is present, which questions the effectiveness of this scheme. Secondly, it is an undisputed fact that basic educational qualifications are essential and by focusing merely on the skills, the Skill India would do no good. How can a person, who does not know what a 90 degree angle is , be trained in carpentry without basic understanding of angles? Thirdly, most of the people with skills training but no formal experience fail to find employment opportunities because of wage issues. Unless companies start paying wages corresponding with workers’ skills, the mission is not going to be fruitful. Fourthly canada goose down gloves https://www.cagoosestore.ca canada goose authentic retailers, most of the job opportunities for such people are available in the informal sector which implies that such people do not have access to social security schemes such as compensation, insurances, pensions etc. People in the formal sector, having white-collar jobs are well-compensated and have secure jobs. Yet another problem is the absence of a standardized, powerful content for training. At the core of the Skill development mission of the UPA, previously and the current Skill India Mission is the role played by the ITIs (Industrial training institutes) in providing training and education. However, the syllabi and curriculum are not updated. Most of the courses here were developed about half a century ago. What progress can we expect if no attention is brought upon the need to revamp the content which should be in tandem with the global standards such that people become job ready when they come out of these institutes?
Looking at the enormous population of the workforce, the campaign can provide vast employment opportunities. The government needs to follow a dynamic approach, keeping in mind, the various loopholes of the scheme. Tinkering is going to do no good and the need of the hour is to address the various shortcomings of the SKILL INDIA campaign in order to make sure that it does not turn out to be a failure in the end and is successful in achieving the goal of providing employment to the 40 -crore strong workforce of India. After all, it is in our hands to make this huge no. our strength and live up to the reputation of being the ‘human capital of the world’.